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Luria revisited: Complex motor phenomena in first episode schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders

Авторы:

Zaytseva Y.S. Korsakova N. Gurovich I.Y. Heinz A., Rapp M.A.

Издание:

Psychiatry Research

Год издания:

2014

Номер:

Страницы:

DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.08.009

Язык:

English

Аннотация:

Patients with schizophrenia frequently exhibit motor deficits. However, to date, there are no studies comparing motor performance in first episode patients with schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD; e.g. schizoaffective and brief psychosis). Participants comprised 57 first episode patients with schizophrenia, 32 first episode patients with SSD, and 51 healthy controls who underwent neuropsychological testing based on Luria׳s systematic approach, including the following tests on complex motor sequencing: the Fist-Edge-Palm (FEP) test and the bimanual probe (BP). Schizophrenia patients performed worse than SSD patients in FEP and BP, and both patient groups showed decreased scores compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, we found that a higher proportion of schizophrenia cases failed to correct their motor performance and needed external error correction, while SSD cases exhibited a higher proportion of self-correction in FEP and in BP.

Добавил:

Администратор И.М.В. 2014-11-05

Ключевые слова:

Bimanual probe, Error monitoring, First psychotic episode, Fist-Edge-Palm test, Schizophrenia spectrum disorders

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